Dental crowns are placed in order to secure and restore the natural appearance of a tooth, but they can also be placed for esthetic reasons. Crowns are fixed dental replacements, and we only make them from state-of-the-art materials such as porcelain.
Fully ceramic crowns are the closest in appearance to a natural tooth, and their durability usually depends on the endurance of the teeth because our materials are extremely durable. Of course, it is very important to maintain good oral hygiene and regularly check your teeth at your dentist.
Types of dental crowns
Metal ceramic crowns
Crowns whose base is made of metal alloy, and completely covered with ceramics. Extremely solid, so they are mostly placed on molars and premolars where chewing forces are very strong.
Glass ceramic crowns
The most commonly used complete ceramic systems because they provide excellent esthetics, sufficient strength, and provide long-lasting replacement especially when it comes to the anterior segment of teeth. Glass ceramics is a material that almost completely imitates the natural appearance of teeth.
Zirconium ceramic crowns
Zirconium ceramic crowns are made using computer technology (CAD-CAM). Zirconium ceramics, metal-free ceramics, is a state-of-the-art tooth replacement system, mostly used in esthetic dentistry.
The advantage of metal-free ceramics, as the name implies, is that there is no metal at all, but zirconium which is transparent and allows light to pass through the material just like a natural tooth.
With zirconium ceramic crowns there is no risk of the occurrence of the black line of the crown which usually occurs over time with metal ceramics due to the withdrawal of gums, which is very important for patients.
Dental veneers are thin ceramic veneers that are made individually for each patient. A veneer covers only the front of the tooth, and the tooth is minimally or even not pre-shaped before placing.
Dentures are inserted in the event of a major teeth loss. It is very important for us to make the dentures comfortable for the patient, and therefore we pay special attention to their manufacture and make them from the best materials.
Semi-fixed prosthetics: dentures on 2 or 4 implants
Semi-fixed prosthetics are dentures that are fixed on dental implants. The advantage of this method is that the jaw bone is preserved, while the denture is stable and securely fits in the mouth. Patients feel more comfortable and have more confidence. Semi-fixed prosthetics need to be removed from the mouth after eating for cleaning and hygiene purposes, but are firm enough in the mouth to act as fixed prosthetics.
A denture on 2 implants or a denture on 2 locators is a prosthesis that is placed in the lower jaw. Once the implants are implanted and after an osseointegration period, the locators are screwed into the implants.
The locator consists of a cylindrical metal part which is placed in the implant and a metal cap that has plastic endings of different firmness that are implanted in the dentures. They do not increase the size of the denture, and operate on the “snap” principle. The purpose of connection locator is to better attach the dentures, but it should be emphasized that these are still dentures, or prosthetic replacements that are not fixed in the mouth and can be removed. The advantage of locators is that it is relatively easy to place them into an existing denture, so if the implants are placed with good primary stability, it is possible to immediately install the connection locator into the existing denture and to stabilize the denture better.
A denture on 4 implants or a denture on a bar is a prosthesis that can be placed both in upper and lower jaw. It is placed on 4 implants in a manner than after an osseointegration period bars are placed on implants, which are connected to the implants with screws and which form the stabilizing connection of the denture.
Even more stable than a denture on the locators. It is removable, which improves maintain hygiene and maintaining the health of mucous membranes around the implants. Although it can be removed, it is firm and actually acts like fixed prosthetics. Patients prefer this type of prosthesis because it has no palate and is very comfortable to wear.
Ceramic fillings: inlay and onlay
Inlay and onlay are ceramic dental fillings which have proven to be the best and the most durable solution when tooth structure is damaged by caries or trauma. They are made in the laboratory and are much better than classic fillings, both functionally and esthetically.